Taliban enter Kabul – What happens next?

The Taliban entered Kabul on Sunday without facing any resistance from the government forces. The militant group is now effectively in control of most of Afghanistan .

Taliban negotiators are reportedly holding talks with the Afghan government to facilitate a “transfer” of power.

A Taliban spokesman said Sunday the group wants President Ashraf Ghani and other Afghan leaders to work on the transition of power.

The Taliban “instruct all its forces to stand at the gates of Kabul, not to try to enter the city,” a spokesman for the Taliban tweeted. “Until the completion of the transition process, the responsibility for the security of Kabul is with the other side (the Afghan government),” he added.

The Afghan government confirmed the negotiations were underway to avoid bloodshed in Kabul.

Interior Minister Abdul Sattar Mirzakwal said there would be “no attack on the city” and that “a peaceful transfer of power to the transitional government” was in the works.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout Civil war rages anew The fears that many domestic and global leaders had expressed have come true: After the withdrawal of the international forces, the civil war between the Taliban and the Afghan security forces has reignited in many places.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout Laying siege The Taliban troops are advancing, their attacks are hitting the civilian population hard, such as here in Lashkar Gah, a town south of Kabul, where an airstrike destroyed a hospital and a school at the weekend.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout Those who can, flee For Afghans who worked with NATO forces, the situation is becoming particularly bad. They fear revenge attacks and are trying to bring themselves and their families to safety. When the Taliban arrives, only the most essential things are packed up and taken out — often through the middle of the front line, as here on Sunday in the outskirts of Herat, west of Kabul.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout The plunder of Kunduz The Taliban also won the battle in Kunduz at the weekend, occupying the governor’s office and the police headquarters. Parts of the city have been destroyed, such as this row of shops.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout A symbol of failure In captured Kunduz, the Taliban flag is being hoisted now: a symbol of the failure of domestic forces in the struggle for Afghanistan. The withdrawal of NATO troops opened the door for the Taliban to retake power after 20 years.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout Refuge in the park Many displaced Afghans have taken refuge in Kabul, where they are forced to camp in parks because of a lack of shelters in the capital. Although many countries had claimed to offer Afghans who had worked with international troops the prospect of leaving the country, the applications often remained unanswered. Hundreds of thousands of Afghans are estimated to be fleeing in the country currently.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout Sad triumph Taliban fighters stand on a police car in Kandahar: Afghanistan’s second-largest city has been captured by the radical Islamist group in recent days. Among other facilities, the governor’s office and the local police station were taken under its control.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout ‘Gate of friendship’ opened Pakistan has opened its border crossing at Chaman for people stranded in the border area. The neighboring state is the country with the second-most refugees in the world. At the end of July, the Pakistani government had announced that the country was not prepared to accept any more.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout Search for shelter People from other provinces who had fled the Taliban flocked to the capital, Kabul. Initially, many of them were housed in a temporary refugee camp in Share-e Naw Park, from where they are now being distributed to surrounding schools and mosques.

Taliban on the rise in Afghanistan after US pullout Uncertain future Farzia, 28, who lost her husband in the fighting with the Taliban in Baghlan, sits with her two children (5 and 2) in a temporary refugee camp in Share-e Naw Park in Kabul. Their future is uncertain. Author: Sarah Klein, Claudia Dehn

Taliban’s upper hand in negotiations

Some diplomatic sources predict that Ali Ahmad Jalali, a US-based academic and former interior minister, could be named as the head of an interim administration in Kabul. But it is unclear what kind of an interim set up the militants want.

Ashraf Ghani’s government is now practically ineffective, with reports that the president has left for Tajikistan, and the Taliban hold all the cards in transition talks. There is also no guarantee that the talks for a peaceful transition of power will succeed.

“The best scenario is that the Taliban and the government reach an agreement and Kabul remains peaceful. That will pave the way for a ceasefire and future steps to resolve the conflict,” Nasrullah Stanakzai, a lecture at the University of Kabul, told DW.

But Raihana Azad, a member of the Afghan parliament, believes that even if negotiations succeed, there is no guarantee that the Taliban will “keep their word.”

“It is important to ensure that the Taliban are held accountable,” she told DW.

The Taliban were accused of not holding their end of the bargain after they sealed an agreement with the US in February 2020.

Possible failure of talks

Ahamdi Saidi, a former Afghan diplomat, told DW he is hopeful that Ghani’s administration and the Taliban will agree on a peaceful transfer of power in the coming days. “The government does not have any other option but to hand over power to the Taliban,” he said.

But there is still a possibility, albeit remote, that Afghan politicians in Kabul will try to hold on to power. In that case, the Islamists could try to take over Kabul from Afghan forces by force.

“If the Taliban attack Kabul, there will be bloodshed. More civilians will lose their lives, and Afghanistan will face an uncertain future,” Azad said.

Watch video 03:27 Joe Biden defends pulling US troops out of Afghanistan – DW’s Stefan Simons from Washington, DC

Will the US intervene?

US President Joe Biden, who has faced severe criticism for withdrawing from Afghanistan so quickly, has repeatedly said the Afghan leaders need to defend their country.

But if the Taliban attack Kabul, a city of more than 6 million people, there could be massive civilian casualties. Would the US then intervene in the conflict, if only to maintain peace in the Afghan capital?

“I think the US won’t back Ghani because the Afghan government is no longer in a position to defend Kabul,” Saidi said.

The US has come under heavy criticism for leaving Afghanistan in what many believe was a premature move, and without a proper peace deal between all the Afghan stakeholders.

The Taliban succeeded in capturing several territories after Biden announced an unconditional withdrawal of US forces from the country in February. American officials at the time said that Afghan forces could defend the country from the Taliban.

“We had urged the Afghan government and the international community for months to secure our city, but no one paid attention to our pleas,” Halima Sadaf Karimi, a lawmaker from the northern Jawzjan province, told DW.

“The international community is also responsible for what is happening in Afghanistan right now. It gave legitimacy to the Taliban by signing a peace deal with them. And now that the Taliban are committing war crimes in our country, the international community is not even condemning these acts,” he added.